Just like windows you can easily find out the file path stored in your MAC. It will be easy if you can find out the folder path of a file located in your mac OS. This will tell you exact location of the file with all the sub folder information displayed in a single line.
There has an easy solution to turn on current path of a folder in Finder window. To turn on file path view, open new finder window and click on view.
From the pull down menu, you can see an option Show Path bar. Please Turn On Show Path Bar like the figure above.
Now you would be able to view the path of the file or folder in bottom of the window with all the sub folders in a single line. Please see the picture for the example here.